MRCagney is preparing to mobilise for consulting work relating to the enhancement of the performance of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, TransJakarta, in Jakarta Indonesia. This follows a successful proposal developed in response to a Request for Tender issued in July 2012. The work is funded by AusAID, the Australian Agency for International Development and forms part of AusAID’s Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII) Facility, managed by SMEC International on behalf of AusAID. IndII’s goal is to promote economic growth by working with the Government of Indonesia to enhance infrastructure policy, planning and investment.
The main objective of the consultancy is to provide technical assistance to the TransJakarta office, to enhance the performance of the BRT system with respect to the following:
This includes assisting Transjakarta complete its transformation to a government business enterprise. The assignment is of 16 Months duration and will include a number of MRCagney’s principal consultants in full and part-time roles. Assistance will be provided to the core MRCagney team by a number of local and international sub-consultant partners.
Jabodetabek, the metropolitan area encompassing Jakarta and the surrounding local governments and provinces is home to some 25 million inhabitants. Over the past 10 years, the car population in the Jabodetabek metropolitan area has more than doubled while the motorcycle population has more than tripled. As a result, travel speeds are decreasing from some 25 km/hr to about 10 km/hr on key southern corridors.
The Government of Indonesia has been responding to these trends, with a comprehensive set of plans and measures to develop transport services and infrastructure, so as to alleviate the congestion and provide alternative public transport services.
The BRT system today operates along 11 corridors, carrying some 360,000 passengers daily. The operation is carried out under the TransJakarta brand name but is fully under the control of DKI Transport Agency (Dishub). 4 more BRT lines are being planned.
The operation is considered moderately successful but estimations are that it is operating much below design capacity, and a number of development and external factors are hampering its optimal performance. At the same time, the city’s other 4,000 busses operate alongside the BRT. While these buses are also under the authority of the Dishub, the bus routes are not fully coordinated and do not provide adequate feeding functions to the BRT.
Despite growing ridership, the cost recovery ratio for TransJakarta is dropping, from 89% in 2004 to 62% today. Dishub thus has to provide ever larger subsidies, and therefore enhancing efficiency, improving load factors and revenue collection to reduce costs is clearly a DKI priority.
To achieve more professional management, TransJakarta is in the process of being transformed from a Public Service Body under DKI Transportation Agency to become a Local-owned enterprise (BUMD). The management structure and skills will need to be enhanced and made more professional, with support in fleet management, tracking systems and ticketing.
MRCagney has been engaged to provide guidance and assistance with this very important transformation. This assignment follows the successful completion of an assignment by MRCagney for IndII in the Indonesian City of Palembang during 2011.
The NSW Government recently announced the award of four new Sydney metropolitan bus service contracts, following a competitive tendering process. The new contracts are expected to deliver $18M a year in savings. The full media release can be viewed here http://bit.ly/VFt0Na
MRCagney has been assisting Transport for NSW with the review of tenders and selection of succesful tenderers, calling on the more than 100 years of combined experience that our Transit practice offers in public transport operations, management and procurement.
MRCagney worked with Auckland Transport on a “clean-slate” redesign of Auckland’s bus, rail and ferry system. The goal was to develop a simple legible and frequent network while working with existing service budgets. Our design approach focussed first on developing a network of high-frequency routes that operated at 15 minute frequencies or better all-day and all-week.
The primary network was then supplemented by more targeted services, such as peak and school service, where required. This hierarchical approach enabled us to assign resources efficiently, while maintaining a base level of coverage across the wider Auckland region.
Core planning workshops and subsequent revisions were undertaken with Auckland Transport operations staff and key stakeholders (including operators and local government), ensuring that the proposed routings were practical and deliverable. Patronage data was compiled from across Auckland’s service operators and combined with population and employment statistics to shed light on current and future demand patterns. Best-practice public transport network design theory was then applied within the opportunities and constraints of the Auckland context, taking into account strategic land use and transport objectives.
Before-and-after analysis revealed that the proposed network delivers a threefold increase in the proportion of residents living within 500m of frequent, all-day service. The network also involves a 10% reduction in peak fleet requirements, which will reduce the impact of buses on sensitive pedestrian environments. Finally, the new network has two-thirds fewer individual bus routes (down from 360 to 118), which results in a much more legible network.
Stakeholder and public feedback has been universally positive, with the new network described by many as “transformational.” Further information is available from the Auckland Transport website -
Following on from his successful series of workshops throughout parts of Australia and New Zealand over the past year, Steven Burgess is planning to present in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane in 2012.
The outline of his one-day workshop "The Lost Art of Street Design" can be downloaded here.
Further details will be made available soon.
We're pleased to announce that MRCagney's Associate Transit Specialist and regular blogger, Jarrett Walker, has released his first book.
Human Transit: How Clearer Thinking about Public Transit Can Enrich Our Communities and Our Lives is a culmination of Jarrett's experiences and approaches to transit planning from his 20 years in the industry. Published by Island Press and available through many great online booksellers including Amazon, the book is available now. Jarrett's regular blog can be viewed at HumanTransit.org
Public transit is a powerful tool for addressing a huge range of urban problems, including traffic congestion and economic development as well as climate change. But while many people support transit in the abstract, it's often hard to channel that support into good transit investments.; Part of the problem is that transit debates attract many kinds of experts, who often talk past each other.; Ordinary people listen to a little of this and decide that transit is impossible to figure out.
Jarrett Walker believes that transit can be simple, if we focus first on the underlying geometry that all transit technologies share. In Human Transit, Walker supplies the basic tools, the critical questions, and the means to make smarter decisions about designing and implementing transit services.
Human Transit explains the fundamental geometry of transit that shapes successful systems; the process for fitting technology to a particular community; and the local choices that lead to transit-friendly development. Whether you are in the field or simply a concerned citizen, here is an accessible guide to achieving successful public transit that will enrich any community.